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******** Visite à la Tour Eiffel le 4 Juillet 1948: L'éléphant Bouglione au 1er étage de la Tour, 4 Juillet 1948. Positif monochrome sur support papier, m. 0.061 x 0.087. Inv.: PHO1981-134-1. Photographer: anonyme (Image: Alexis Brandt)
Code: RM02043
Artist: ********
Title: Visite à la Tour Eiffel le 4 Juillet 1948: L'éléphant Bouglione au 1er étage de la Tour, 4 Juillet 1948. Positif monochrome sur support papier, m. 0.061 x 0.087. Inv.: PHO1981-134-1. Photographer: anonyme (Image: Alexis Brandt)
Location: Musee Napoleonien - Ile d'Aix
Credits: RMN-Grand Palais /Dist. Photo SCALA, Florence
Rights and restrictions

******** Visite à la Tour Eiffel le 4 Juillet 1948: L'éléphant Bouglione au 1er étage de la Tour, 4 Juillet 1948. Positif monochrome sur support papier, m. 0.061 x 0.087. Inv.: PHO1981-134-1. Photographer: anonyme (Image: Alexis Brandt)
Code: RM02043
Artist: ********
Title: Visite à la Tour Eiffel le 4 Juillet 1948: L'éléphant Bouglione au 1er étage de la Tour, 4 Juillet 1948. Positif monochrome sur support papier, m. 0.061 x 0.087. Inv.: PHO1981-134-1. Photographer: anonyme (Image: Alexis Brandt)
Genre: Photography
Period/Style: Not applicable
Location: Musee Napoleonien
Genre: Photography
Period/Style: Not applicable
Location: Musee Napoleonien

Image available in Italy and United Kingdom
Albers, Josef (1888-1976) Paris, Eiffel Tower, August 1929/1932. Gelatin silver prints mounted to board. Overall 11 5/8 × 16 3/8
Code: 0163601
Artist: Albers, Josef (1888-1976)
Title: Paris, Eiffel Tower, August 1929/1932. Gelatin silver prints mounted to board. Overall 11 5/8 × 16 3/8" (29.5 × 41.6 cm). Acquired through the generosity of Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder, and Jon L. Stryker. Acc. no.: 1016.2015
Location: Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) - New York
Credits: Digital image, The Museum of Modern Art, New York/Scala, Florence
Rights and restrictions

Albers, Josef (1888-1976) Paris, Eiffel Tower, August 1929/1932. Gelatin silver prints mounted to board. Overall 11 5/8 × 16 3/8
Code: 0163601
Artist: Albers, Josef (1888-1976)
Title: Paris, Eiffel Tower, August 1929/1932. Gelatin silver prints mounted to board. Overall 11 5/8 × 16 3/8" (29.5 × 41.6 cm). Acquired through the generosity of Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder, and Jon L. Stryker. Acc. no.: 1016.2015
Genre: Photography
Period/Style: Bauhaus
Location: Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Genre: Photography
Period/Style: Bauhaus
Location: Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
******** Testing of early aeroplane. Historical image of the testing of Albert Santos-Dumont's aeroplane No. 14 by suspending it from an airship. This aeroplane became the first to make a powered flight in Europe. The flight took place on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220 metres. Santos-Dumont had previously claimed a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower in 1901.
Code: SP45545
Artist: ********
Title: Testing of early aeroplane. Historical image of the testing of Albert Santos-Dumont's aeroplane No. 14 by suspending it from an airship. This aeroplane became the first to make a powered flight in Europe. The flight took place on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220 metres. Santos-Dumont had previously claimed a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower in 1901.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Testing of early aeroplane. Historical image of the testing of Albert Santos-Dumont's aeroplane No. 14 by suspending it from an airship. This aeroplane became the first to make a powered flight in Europe. The flight took place on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220 metres. Santos-Dumont had previously claimed a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower in 1901.
Code: SP45545
Artist: ********
Title: Testing of early aeroplane. Historical image of the testing of Albert Santos-Dumont's aeroplane No. 14 by suspending it from an airship. This aeroplane became the first to make a powered flight in Europe. The flight took place on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220 metres. Santos-Dumont had previously claimed a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower in 1901.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower. Illustration of the Eiffel Tower during construction in 1888. The open-lattice tower (centre) was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. It cost #260, 000, used 15, 000 wrought-iron sections and 2, 500, 000 rivets and, including its installations, originally weighed 9700 tonnes. Without its modern broadcasting antenna, it stands 312 metres high, and was the world's tallest man-made structure until 1930. During the early 20th century, the tower held laboratories for the study of astonomy, biology, meteorology, atmospheric pollution, as well as radio and television transmitters.
Code: SP45136
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower. Illustration of the Eiffel Tower during construction in 1888. The open-lattice tower (centre) was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. It cost #260, 000, used 15, 000 wrought-iron sections and 2, 500, 000 rivets and, including its installations, originally weighed 9700 tonnes. Without its modern broadcasting antenna, it stands 312 metres high, and was the world's tallest man-made structure until 1930. During the early 20th century, the tower held laboratories for the study of astonomy, biology, meteorology, atmospheric pollution, as well as radio and television transmitters.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower. Illustration of the Eiffel Tower during construction in 1888. The open-lattice tower (centre) was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. It cost #260, 000, used 15, 000 wrought-iron sections and 2, 500, 000 rivets and, including its installations, originally weighed 9700 tonnes. Without its modern broadcasting antenna, it stands 312 metres high, and was the world's tallest man-made structure until 1930. During the early 20th century, the tower held laboratories for the study of astonomy, biology, meteorology, atmospheric pollution, as well as radio and television transmitters.
Code: SP45136
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower. Illustration of the Eiffel Tower during construction in 1888. The open-lattice tower (centre) was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. It cost #260, 000, used 15, 000 wrought-iron sections and 2, 500, 000 rivets and, including its installations, originally weighed 9700 tonnes. Without its modern broadcasting antenna, it stands 312 metres high, and was the world's tallest man-made structure until 1930. During the early 20th century, the tower held laboratories for the study of astonomy, biology, meteorology, atmospheric pollution, as well as radio and television transmitters.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Gas light. Advertisement for gas lighting from the 19th century. The advertisement's artwork features a woman holding a gas light over the skyline of Paris, France, with the Eiffel Tower at bottom right. The advertisement promises that \Bec Boisselot\
Code: SP45098
Artist: ********
Title: Gas light. Advertisement for gas lighting from the 19th century. The advertisement's artwork features a woman holding a gas light over the skyline of Paris, France, with the Eiffel Tower at bottom right. The advertisement promises that \Bec Boisselot\" lights deliver a 60% saving in bills. Artwork from 1895."
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Gas light. Advertisement for gas lighting from the 19th century. The advertisement's artwork features a woman holding a gas light over the skyline of Paris, France, with the Eiffel Tower at bottom right. The advertisement promises that \Bec Boisselot\
Code: SP45098
Artist: ********
Title: Gas light. Advertisement for gas lighting from the 19th century. The advertisement's artwork features a woman holding a gas light over the skyline of Paris, France, with the Eiffel Tower at bottom right. The advertisement promises that \Bec Boisselot\" lights deliver a 60% saving in bills. Artwork from 1895."
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Paris Observatory. The observatory, completed in 1672, was funded by King Louis XIV to extend France's maritime power and international trade. In 1672, its director Giovanni Cassini discovered four satellites of Saturn and a division in the planet's rings. He also measured the distance to Mars. In 1863, the observatory published the first modern weather maps and in 1887 began the Carte du Ciel (Map of the Sky) project, an international effort to map the positions of millions of stars, which was superseded by modern astronomical techniques before it could be finished. In 1913, the Paris Observatory used the Eiffel Tower as an antenna and exchanged radio signals with the US Naval Observatory to determine the exact distance of longitude between the two institutions.
Code: SP44465
Artist: ********
Title: Paris Observatory. The observatory, completed in 1672, was funded by King Louis XIV to extend France's maritime power and international trade. In 1672, its director Giovanni Cassini discovered four satellites of Saturn and a division in the planet's rings. He also measured the distance to Mars. In 1863, the observatory published the first modern weather maps and in 1887 began the Carte du Ciel (Map of the Sky) project, an international effort to map the positions of millions of stars, which was superseded by modern astronomical techniques before it could be finished. In 1913, the Paris Observatory used the Eiffel Tower as an antenna and exchanged radio signals with the US Naval Observatory to determine the exact distance of longitude between the two institutions.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Paris Observatory. The observatory, completed in 1672, was funded by King Louis XIV to extend France's maritime power and international trade. In 1672, its director Giovanni Cassini discovered four satellites of Saturn and a division in the planet's rings. He also measured the distance to Mars. In 1863, the observatory published the first modern weather maps and in 1887 began the Carte du Ciel (Map of the Sky) project, an international effort to map the positions of millions of stars, which was superseded by modern astronomical techniques before it could be finished. In 1913, the Paris Observatory used the Eiffel Tower as an antenna and exchanged radio signals with the US Naval Observatory to determine the exact distance of longitude between the two institutions.
Code: SP44465
Artist: ********
Title: Paris Observatory. The observatory, completed in 1672, was funded by King Louis XIV to extend France's maritime power and international trade. In 1672, its director Giovanni Cassini discovered four satellites of Saturn and a division in the planet's rings. He also measured the distance to Mars. In 1863, the observatory published the first modern weather maps and in 1887 began the Carte du Ciel (Map of the Sky) project, an international effort to map the positions of millions of stars, which was superseded by modern astronomical techniques before it could be finished. In 1913, the Paris Observatory used the Eiffel Tower as an antenna and exchanged radio signals with the US Naval Observatory to determine the exact distance of longitude between the two institutions.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer, sitting in 'Demoiselle', his famed light aircraft. The son of a rich plantation owner, Santos-Dumont became interested in flight while studying engineering in Paris, France. After piloting balloons, he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits caught the public imagination. In October 1901, Santos-Dumont received a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He built an aeroplane in 1906, the 14 bis and made the first sustained free flight in Europe on 23 October 1906 in Bagatelle Park, Paris, France.
Code: SP42651
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer, sitting in 'Demoiselle', his famed light aircraft. The son of a rich plantation owner, Santos-Dumont became interested in flight while studying engineering in Paris, France. After piloting balloons, he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits caught the public imagination. In October 1901, Santos-Dumont received a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He built an aeroplane in 1906, the 14 bis and made the first sustained free flight in Europe on 23 October 1906 in Bagatelle Park, Paris, France.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer, sitting in 'Demoiselle', his famed light aircraft. The son of a rich plantation owner, Santos-Dumont became interested in flight while studying engineering in Paris, France. After piloting balloons, he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits caught the public imagination. In October 1901, Santos-Dumont received a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He built an aeroplane in 1906, the 14 bis and made the first sustained free flight in Europe on 23 October 1906 in Bagatelle Park, Paris, France.
Code: SP42651
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer, sitting in 'Demoiselle', his famed light aircraft. The son of a rich plantation owner, Santos-Dumont became interested in flight while studying engineering in Paris, France. After piloting balloons, he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits caught the public imagination. In October 1901, Santos-Dumont received a prize for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He built an aeroplane in 1906, the 14 bis and made the first sustained free flight in Europe on 23 October 1906 in Bagatelle Park, Paris, France.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alberto Santos-Dumont. Portrait of Alberto Santos- Dumont (1873-1932), the Brazilian who piloted the first-ever powered flight in Europe. The son of a wealthy plantation owner, Santos-Dumont studied engineering in Paris, France, but became interest- ed in flight. After piloting balloons he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits, including surviving several crashes, caught the public imagination. He claimed a prize in 1901 for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He then built his own aeroplane, the 14 bis. Its first flight, the first in Europe, was on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220m.
Code: SP42523
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont. Portrait of Alberto Santos- Dumont (1873-1932), the Brazilian who piloted the first-ever powered flight in Europe. The son of a wealthy plantation owner, Santos-Dumont studied engineering in Paris, France, but became interest- ed in flight. After piloting balloons he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits, including surviving several crashes, caught the public imagination. He claimed a prize in 1901 for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He then built his own aeroplane, the 14 bis. Its first flight, the first in Europe, was on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220m.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alberto Santos-Dumont. Portrait of Alberto Santos- Dumont (1873-1932), the Brazilian who piloted the first-ever powered flight in Europe. The son of a wealthy plantation owner, Santos-Dumont studied engineering in Paris, France, but became interest- ed in flight. After piloting balloons he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits, including surviving several crashes, caught the public imagination. He claimed a prize in 1901 for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He then built his own aeroplane, the 14 bis. Its first flight, the first in Europe, was on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220m.
Code: SP42523
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont. Portrait of Alberto Santos- Dumont (1873-1932), the Brazilian who piloted the first-ever powered flight in Europe. The son of a wealthy plantation owner, Santos-Dumont studied engineering in Paris, France, but became interest- ed in flight. After piloting balloons he built his first powered airship in 1898. His airship flight exploits, including surviving several crashes, caught the public imagination. He claimed a prize in 1901 for being the first person to fly around the Eiffel Tower. He then built his own aeroplane, the 14 bis. Its first flight, the first in Europe, was on 13 September 1906 and consisted of a series of short hops, the longest being 220m.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer and architect. Eiffel began his engineering career with a company designing railway bridges. In 1864 he set up his own company, specialising in metal structures. He designed several landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary, and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed for the 1889 Universal Exposition. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business. This portrait is from the Bain News Service, one of America's oldest news picture agencies, which holds images dating from the 1890s to the 1930s.
Code: SP40141
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer and architect. Eiffel began his engineering career with a company designing railway bridges. In 1864 he set up his own company, specialising in metal structures. He designed several landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary, and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed for the 1889 Universal Exposition. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business. This portrait is from the Bain News Service, one of America's oldest news picture agencies, which holds images dating from the 1890s to the 1930s.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer and architect. Eiffel began his engineering career with a company designing railway bridges. In 1864 he set up his own company, specialising in metal structures. He designed several landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary, and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed for the 1889 Universal Exposition. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business. This portrait is from the Bain News Service, one of America's oldest news picture agencies, which holds images dating from the 1890s to the 1930s.
Code: SP40141
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer and architect. Eiffel began his engineering career with a company designing railway bridges. In 1864 he set up his own company, specialising in metal structures. He designed several landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary, and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed for the 1889 Universal Exposition. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business. This portrait is from the Bain News Service, one of America's oldest news picture agencies, which holds images dating from the 1890s to the 1930s.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Historical artwork of the French engineer, Eiffel, with his most famous work the Eiffel Tower in the background. He was one of France's most prolific engineers and particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Douro in Portugal. The Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris, was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. The open-lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the world's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Code: SP40092
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Historical artwork of the French engineer, Eiffel, with his most famous work the Eiffel Tower in the background. He was one of France's most prolific engineers and particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Douro in Portugal. The Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris, was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. The open-lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the world's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Historical artwork of the French engineer, Eiffel, with his most famous work the Eiffel Tower in the background. He was one of France's most prolific engineers and particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Douro in Portugal. The Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris, was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. The open-lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the world's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Code: SP40092
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Historical artwork of the French engineer, Eiffel, with his most famous work the Eiffel Tower in the background. He was one of France's most prolific engineers and particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Douro in Portugal. The Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris, was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition. The open-lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the world's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer. Eiffel was born at Dijon, and became one of France's most prolific engineers. He was particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Duoro in Portugal. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris. This was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition at a cost of #260, 000. The open- lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the World's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Code: SP40034
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer. Eiffel was born at Dijon, and became one of France's most prolific engineers. He was particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Duoro in Portugal. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris. This was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition at a cost of #260, 000. The open- lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the World's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer. Eiffel was born at Dijon, and became one of France's most prolific engineers. He was particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Duoro in Portugal. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris. This was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition at a cost of #260, 000. The open- lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the World's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Code: SP40034
Artist: ********
Title: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer. Eiffel was born at Dijon, and became one of France's most prolific engineers. He was particularly famed for his bridge designs, including a 160-metre span railway bridge across the River Duoro in Portugal. His most famous work is the Eiffel Tower at the Champs-de-Mars in Paris. This was erected for the 1889 Paris Exhibition at a cost of #260, 000. The open- lattice steel tower stands 300 metres high, and was the tallest man-made construction in the world until 1930. Eiffel also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty in New York, and built the World's first aerodynamics laboratory.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alberto Santos Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviator. Santos Dumont's airship won a prize in 1901 by navigating round the Eiffel Tower. He then worked on aeroplane design, and his 14-bis aeroplane made its first public flight in Paris, France, on 23 October 1906. Some consider this to be the first true powered flight. Santos Dumont retired from flying after an accident in 1910, and he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis a few months later. He continued to design planes, but the loss of life from crashes, and the use of planes in war, and his continuing illness depressed him. He committed suicide a few years after his return to Brazil. Photograph from the Bain News Service.
Code: SP39972
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviator. Santos Dumont's airship won a prize in 1901 by navigating round the Eiffel Tower. He then worked on aeroplane design, and his 14-bis aeroplane made its first public flight in Paris, France, on 23 October 1906. Some consider this to be the first true powered flight. Santos Dumont retired from flying after an accident in 1910, and he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis a few months later. He continued to design planes, but the loss of life from crashes, and the use of planes in war, and his continuing illness depressed him. He committed suicide a few years after his return to Brazil. Photograph from the Bain News Service.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alberto Santos Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviator. Santos Dumont's airship won a prize in 1901 by navigating round the Eiffel Tower. He then worked on aeroplane design, and his 14-bis aeroplane made its first public flight in Paris, France, on 23 October 1906. Some consider this to be the first true powered flight. Santos Dumont retired from flying after an accident in 1910, and he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis a few months later. He continued to design planes, but the loss of life from crashes, and the use of planes in war, and his continuing illness depressed him. He committed suicide a few years after his return to Brazil. Photograph from the Bain News Service.
Code: SP39972
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviator. Santos Dumont's airship won a prize in 1901 by navigating round the Eiffel Tower. He then worked on aeroplane design, and his 14-bis aeroplane made its first public flight in Paris, France, on 23 October 1906. Some consider this to be the first true powered flight. Santos Dumont retired from flying after an accident in 1910, and he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis a few months later. He continued to design planes, but the loss of life from crashes, and the use of planes in war, and his continuing illness depressed him. He committed suicide a few years after his return to Brazil. Photograph from the Bain News Service.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** A guard on duty next to a wireless station (right) at the base of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, during World War I. The underground station was used by the French Military from 1909. Antennas on the Eiffel Tower were used to transmit signals up to 6000 kilometres, far enough to reach the USA and transatlantic ships. It was also used to intercept German transmissions, providing intelligence to the allies. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930. Photographed circa 1914-1915.
Code: SP33655
Artist: ********
Title: A guard on duty next to a wireless station (right) at the base of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, during World War I. The underground station was used by the French Military from 1909. Antennas on the Eiffel Tower were used to transmit signals up to 6000 kilometres, far enough to reach the USA and transatlantic ships. It was also used to intercept German transmissions, providing intelligence to the allies. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930. Photographed circa 1914-1915.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** A guard on duty next to a wireless station (right) at the base of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, during World War I. The underground station was used by the French Military from 1909. Antennas on the Eiffel Tower were used to transmit signals up to 6000 kilometres, far enough to reach the USA and transatlantic ships. It was also used to intercept German transmissions, providing intelligence to the allies. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930. Photographed circa 1914-1915.
Code: SP33655
Artist: ********
Title: A guard on duty next to a wireless station (right) at the base of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, during World War I. The underground station was used by the French Military from 1909. Antennas on the Eiffel Tower were used to transmit signals up to 6000 kilometres, far enough to reach the USA and transatlantic ships. It was also used to intercept German transmissions, providing intelligence to the allies. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930. Photographed circa 1914-1915.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower at night during the Paris Exposition. View of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, lit up at night during the Paris Exposition of 1889. The beacon at the top of the tower is electric, but at this time all the other lamps were gas. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930.
Code: SP33654
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower at night during the Paris Exposition. View of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, lit up at night during the Paris Exposition of 1889. The beacon at the top of the tower is electric, but at this time all the other lamps were gas. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower at night during the Paris Exposition. View of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, lit up at night during the Paris Exposition of 1889. The beacon at the top of the tower is electric, but at this time all the other lamps were gas. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930.
Code: SP33654
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower at night during the Paris Exposition. View of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, lit up at night during the Paris Exposition of 1889. The beacon at the top of the tower is electric, but at this time all the other lamps were gas. Designed by the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), the Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition staged in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the French Revolution. Constructed from iron, it was the tallest building in the world until 1930.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower construction. Initial stages of the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, showing the first level and the start of construction on the second level. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. This stage of the construction is from 15 May 1888, with a central support structure still present (later removed). The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Code: SP30438
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower construction. Initial stages of the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, showing the first level and the start of construction on the second level. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. This stage of the construction is from 15 May 1888, with a central support structure still present (later removed). The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower construction. Initial stages of the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, showing the first level and the start of construction on the second level. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. This stage of the construction is from 15 May 1888, with a central support structure still present (later removed). The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Code: SP30438
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower construction. Initial stages of the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, showing the first level and the start of construction on the second level. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. This stage of the construction is from 15 May 1888, with a central support structure still present (later removed). The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower architects. Group of architects visiting the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, during its construction. The group are from the 'Societe Centrale des Architects' (Central Society of Architects). At the time, the first level of the tower had been completed and the second level was being built. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph taken on 16 June 1888 by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Code: SP30437
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower architects. Group of architects visiting the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, during its construction. The group are from the 'Societe Centrale des Architects' (Central Society of Architects). At the time, the first level of the tower had been completed and the second level was being built. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph taken on 16 June 1888 by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower architects. Group of architects visiting the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, during its construction. The group are from the 'Societe Centrale des Architects' (Central Society of Architects). At the time, the first level of the tower had been completed and the second level was being built. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph taken on 16 June 1888 by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Code: SP30437
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower architects. Group of architects visiting the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, during its construction. The group are from the 'Societe Centrale des Architects' (Central Society of Architects). At the time, the first level of the tower had been completed and the second level was being built. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built from 1887 as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889. At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. The tower is named after its designer the French engineer Gustave Eiffel. This albumen silver print is from a photograph taken on 16 June 1888 by Louis-Emile Durandelle (1839-1917).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP29522
Artist: ********
Title: Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP29522
Artist: ********
Title: Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel tower construction. 1887 illustration of construction workers working on the pillar foundations of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The Eiffel Tower was constructed between 1887-1889 to be used as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. It was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Code: SP28378
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel tower construction. 1887 illustration of construction workers working on the pillar foundations of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The Eiffel Tower was constructed between 1887-1889 to be used as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. It was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel tower construction. 1887 illustration of construction workers working on the pillar foundations of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The Eiffel Tower was constructed between 1887-1889 to be used as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. It was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Code: SP28378
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel tower construction. 1887 illustration of construction workers working on the pillar foundations of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The Eiffel Tower was constructed between 1887-1889 to be used as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. It was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Longitude determination. US astronomer George Andrews Hill (right, 1858-1927) listening to time signals from Paris, France, as part of longitude determination at the US Naval Observatory, Washington DC, USA, in August 1913. The Arlington (USA) and Eiffel (France) towers were used for transmitting such signals across the Atlantic, part of co-ordinating the official timing and co-ordinate systems. Photographed in the passageway to the south transit house at the US Naval Observatory.
Code: SP28328
Artist: ********
Title: Longitude determination. US astronomer George Andrews Hill (right, 1858-1927) listening to time signals from Paris, France, as part of longitude determination at the US Naval Observatory, Washington DC, USA, in August 1913. The Arlington (USA) and Eiffel (France) towers were used for transmitting such signals across the Atlantic, part of co-ordinating the official timing and co-ordinate systems. Photographed in the passageway to the south transit house at the US Naval Observatory.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Longitude determination. US astronomer George Andrews Hill (right, 1858-1927) listening to time signals from Paris, France, as part of longitude determination at the US Naval Observatory, Washington DC, USA, in August 1913. The Arlington (USA) and Eiffel (France) towers were used for transmitting such signals across the Atlantic, part of co-ordinating the official timing and co-ordinate systems. Photographed in the passageway to the south transit house at the US Naval Observatory.
Code: SP28328
Artist: ********
Title: Longitude determination. US astronomer George Andrews Hill (right, 1858-1927) listening to time signals from Paris, France, as part of longitude determination at the US Naval Observatory, Washington DC, USA, in August 1913. The Arlington (USA) and Eiffel (France) towers were used for transmitting such signals across the Atlantic, part of co-ordinating the official timing and co-ordinate systems. Photographed in the passageway to the south transit house at the US Naval Observatory.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family, Santos-Dumont experimented in aeronautics in Paris, France, where he designed, built, and flew hot air balloons and early dirigibles. He won the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize in 1901 on a flight round the Eiffel Tower. He built a heavier-than-air aircraft, the 14-bis, and on 23 October 1906 he made the first powered heavier-than-air flight in Europe to be certified by the Aero Club de France and the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. Santos-Dumont suffered from multiple sclerosis and committed suicide in 1932.
Code: SP28010
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family, Santos-Dumont experimented in aeronautics in Paris, France, where he designed, built, and flew hot air balloons and early dirigibles. He won the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize in 1901 on a flight round the Eiffel Tower. He built a heavier-than-air aircraft, the 14-bis, and on 23 October 1906 he made the first powered heavier-than-air flight in Europe to be certified by the Aero Club de France and the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. Santos-Dumont suffered from multiple sclerosis and committed suicide in 1932.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family, Santos-Dumont experimented in aeronautics in Paris, France, where he designed, built, and flew hot air balloons and early dirigibles. He won the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize in 1901 on a flight round the Eiffel Tower. He built a heavier-than-air aircraft, the 14-bis, and on 23 October 1906 he made the first powered heavier-than-air flight in Europe to be certified by the Aero Club de France and the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. Santos-Dumont suffered from multiple sclerosis and committed suicide in 1932.
Code: SP28010
Artist: ********
Title: Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family, Santos-Dumont experimented in aeronautics in Paris, France, where he designed, built, and flew hot air balloons and early dirigibles. He won the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize in 1901 on a flight round the Eiffel Tower. He built a heavier-than-air aircraft, the 14-bis, and on 23 October 1906 he made the first powered heavier-than-air flight in Europe to be certified by the Aero Club de France and the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. Santos-Dumont suffered from multiple sclerosis and committed suicide in 1932.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eugene Flachat (1802-1873). 1867 illustration of the French civil engineer Eugene Flachat. Flachat is best known for building the first railroad station in Paris, France, as well as redesigning the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station in Paris in 1851 and other railroad related projects. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP27950
Artist: ********
Title: Eugene Flachat (1802-1873). 1867 illustration of the French civil engineer Eugene Flachat. Flachat is best known for building the first railroad station in Paris, France, as well as redesigning the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station in Paris in 1851 and other railroad related projects. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eugene Flachat (1802-1873). 1867 illustration of the French civil engineer Eugene Flachat. Flachat is best known for building the first railroad station in Paris, France, as well as redesigning the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station in Paris in 1851 and other railroad related projects. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP27950
Artist: ********
Title: Eugene Flachat (1802-1873). 1867 illustration of the French civil engineer Eugene Flachat. Flachat is best known for building the first railroad station in Paris, France, as well as redesigning the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station in Paris in 1851 and other railroad related projects. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP27907
Artist: ********
Title: Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP27907
Artist: ********
Title: Louis Breguet (1804-1883). 1868 illustration of the French physicist and watchmaker Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet. Breguet is best known for his work in the early days of telegraphy, but he also worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. In the 1840s, together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s and was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Searchlight on Eiffel Tower. 19th-century illustration of clouds being illuminated by one of the large electric searchlights installed on the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. These searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, a light-signalling device used in optical telegraphy. Originally designed to be used as either a reflector of sunlight or an oil-fuelled lamp, here it has been adapted to use electrical power with the beam visible from 300 kilometres away. This illustration is from 'Physique Populaire' (Emile Desbeaux, 1891).
Code: SP27559
Artist: ********
Title: Searchlight on Eiffel Tower. 19th-century illustration of clouds being illuminated by one of the large electric searchlights installed on the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. These searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, a light-signalling device used in optical telegraphy. Originally designed to be used as either a reflector of sunlight or an oil-fuelled lamp, here it has been adapted to use electrical power with the beam visible from 300 kilometres away. This illustration is from 'Physique Populaire' (Emile Desbeaux, 1891).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Searchlight on Eiffel Tower. 19th-century illustration of clouds being illuminated by one of the large electric searchlights installed on the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. These searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, a light-signalling device used in optical telegraphy. Originally designed to be used as either a reflector of sunlight or an oil-fuelled lamp, here it has been adapted to use electrical power with the beam visible from 300 kilometres away. This illustration is from 'Physique Populaire' (Emile Desbeaux, 1891).
Code: SP27559
Artist: ********
Title: Searchlight on Eiffel Tower. 19th-century illustration of clouds being illuminated by one of the large electric searchlights installed on the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. These searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, a light-signalling device used in optical telegraphy. Originally designed to be used as either a reflector of sunlight or an oil-fuelled lamp, here it has been adapted to use electrical power with the beam visible from 300 kilometres away. This illustration is from 'Physique Populaire' (Emile Desbeaux, 1891).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Statue of Liberty construction. Workmen constructing the Statue of Liberty in Parisian warehouse workshop of the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904). This is the first model, with parts of the left hand and a quarter-size head visible. This image was obtained in around the winter of 1882. The photographer was Albert Fernique (c.1841-1898). This statue, which was originally known as Liberty Enlightening the World, took the form of a woman holding a torch and a book. The final figure was 46.4 metres tall, made from copper plates riveted to an iron framework. The design by Frederic Bartholdi was executed by Gustav Eiffel. The statue was given by France to the USA to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 1776 American Declaration of Independence.
Code: SP27194
Artist: ********
Title: Statue of Liberty construction. Workmen constructing the Statue of Liberty in Parisian warehouse workshop of the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904). This is the first model, with parts of the left hand and a quarter-size head visible. This image was obtained in around the winter of 1882. The photographer was Albert Fernique (c.1841-1898). This statue, which was originally known as Liberty Enlightening the World, took the form of a woman holding a torch and a book. The final figure was 46.4 metres tall, made from copper plates riveted to an iron framework. The design by Frederic Bartholdi was executed by Gustav Eiffel. The statue was given by France to the USA to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 1776 American Declaration of Independence.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Statue of Liberty construction. Workmen constructing the Statue of Liberty in Parisian warehouse workshop of the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904). This is the first model, with parts of the left hand and a quarter-size head visible. This image was obtained in around the winter of 1882. The photographer was Albert Fernique (c.1841-1898). This statue, which was originally known as Liberty Enlightening the World, took the form of a woman holding a torch and a book. The final figure was 46.4 metres tall, made from copper plates riveted to an iron framework. The design by Frederic Bartholdi was executed by Gustav Eiffel. The statue was given by France to the USA to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 1776 American Declaration of Independence.
Code: SP27194
Artist: ********
Title: Statue of Liberty construction. Workmen constructing the Statue of Liberty in Parisian warehouse workshop of the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904). This is the first model, with parts of the left hand and a quarter-size head visible. This image was obtained in around the winter of 1882. The photographer was Albert Fernique (c.1841-1898). This statue, which was originally known as Liberty Enlightening the World, took the form of a woman holding a torch and a book. The final figure was 46.4 metres tall, made from copper plates riveted to an iron framework. The design by Frederic Bartholdi was executed by Gustav Eiffel. The statue was given by France to the USA to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 1776 American Declaration of Independence.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** European sandcastle. Conceptual image of European tourist landmarks shown as a sandcastle disintegrating into the sea, representing various crises that have affected the European Union. The tourist landmarks are the Brandenburg Gate (Berlin, Germany), the Elizabeth Tower or Big Ben (London, UK), the Eiffel Tower (Paris, France) and the Colosseum (Rome, Italy).
Code: SP26810
Artist: ********
Title: European sandcastle. Conceptual image of European tourist landmarks shown as a sandcastle disintegrating into the sea, representing various crises that have affected the European Union. The tourist landmarks are the Brandenburg Gate (Berlin, Germany), the Elizabeth Tower or Big Ben (London, UK), the Eiffel Tower (Paris, France) and the Colosseum (Rome, Italy).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** European sandcastle. Conceptual image of European tourist landmarks shown as a sandcastle disintegrating into the sea, representing various crises that have affected the European Union. The tourist landmarks are the Brandenburg Gate (Berlin, Germany), the Elizabeth Tower or Big Ben (London, UK), the Eiffel Tower (Paris, France) and the Colosseum (Rome, Italy).
Code: SP26810
Artist: ********
Title: European sandcastle. Conceptual image of European tourist landmarks shown as a sandcastle disintegrating into the sea, representing various crises that have affected the European Union. The tourist landmarks are the Brandenburg Gate (Berlin, Germany), the Elizabeth Tower or Big Ben (London, UK), the Eiffel Tower (Paris, France) and the Colosseum (Rome, Italy).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** 1889 Exposition Universelle. 1889 illustration of visitors standing on a moving bridge in the machines hall of the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France. The 1889 Exposition Universelle was a world's fair held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, a symbolic event of the French Revolution. The main symbol of the 1889 event was the newly-completed Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP26760
Artist: ********
Title: 1889 Exposition Universelle. 1889 illustration of visitors standing on a moving bridge in the machines hall of the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France. The 1889 Exposition Universelle was a world's fair held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, a symbolic event of the French Revolution. The main symbol of the 1889 event was the newly-completed Eiffel Tower.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** 1889 Exposition Universelle. 1889 illustration of visitors standing on a moving bridge in the machines hall of the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France. The 1889 Exposition Universelle was a world's fair held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, a symbolic event of the French Revolution. The main symbol of the 1889 event was the newly-completed Eiffel Tower.
Code: SP26760
Artist: ********
Title: 1889 Exposition Universelle. 1889 illustration of visitors standing on a moving bridge in the machines hall of the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France. The 1889 Exposition Universelle was a world's fair held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, a symbolic event of the French Revolution. The main symbol of the 1889 event was the newly-completed Eiffel Tower.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Charles and Robert's balloon. Illustration of the first hydrogen balloon designed by French balloonist Jacques Charles (1746-1823) and the Robert brothers (Anne-Jean Robert, 1758-1820; Nicolas-Louis Robert, 1760-1820). They launched their balloon on 27 August 1783 from the Champ-de-Mars (now the site of the Eiffel tower). A large crowd of onlookers observed with excitement and chased the unmanned balloon 21 kilometres to its point of landing in the village of Gonesse. When the designers reached the balloon they found local villagers had attacked it with a knife and pitchforks. Among the crowd who watched the ascent was Benjamin Franklin. He realised its potential, and when later asked what use was such a balloon he replied 'well, what use is a baby'. This engraving, by Andrew Bell (1726-1809), is part of Plate 314 from the third edition (
Code: SP25469
Artist: ********
Title: Charles and Robert's balloon. Illustration of the first hydrogen balloon designed by French balloonist Jacques Charles (1746-1823) and the Robert brothers (Anne-Jean Robert, 1758-1820; Nicolas-Louis Robert, 1760-1820). They launched their balloon on 27 August 1783 from the Champ-de-Mars (now the site of the Eiffel tower). A large crowd of onlookers observed with excitement and chased the unmanned balloon 21 kilometres to its point of landing in the village of Gonesse. When the designers reached the balloon they found local villagers had attacked it with a knife and pitchforks. Among the crowd who watched the ascent was Benjamin Franklin. He realised its potential, and when later asked what use was such a balloon he replied 'well, what use is a baby'. This engraving, by Andrew Bell (1726-1809), is part of Plate 314 from the third edition (
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Charles and Robert's balloon. Illustration of the first hydrogen balloon designed by French balloonist Jacques Charles (1746-1823) and the Robert brothers (Anne-Jean Robert, 1758-1820; Nicolas-Louis Robert, 1760-1820). They launched their balloon on 27 August 1783 from the Champ-de-Mars (now the site of the Eiffel tower). A large crowd of onlookers observed with excitement and chased the unmanned balloon 21 kilometres to its point of landing in the village of Gonesse. When the designers reached the balloon they found local villagers had attacked it with a knife and pitchforks. Among the crowd who watched the ascent was Benjamin Franklin. He realised its potential, and when later asked what use was such a balloon he replied 'well, what use is a baby'. This engraving, by Andrew Bell (1726-1809), is part of Plate 314 from the third edition (
Code: SP25469
Artist: ********
Title: Charles and Robert's balloon. Illustration of the first hydrogen balloon designed by French balloonist Jacques Charles (1746-1823) and the Robert brothers (Anne-Jean Robert, 1758-1820; Nicolas-Louis Robert, 1760-1820). They launched their balloon on 27 August 1783 from the Champ-de-Mars (now the site of the Eiffel tower). A large crowd of onlookers observed with excitement and chased the unmanned balloon 21 kilometres to its point of landing in the village of Gonesse. When the designers reached the balloon they found local villagers had attacked it with a knife and pitchforks. Among the crowd who watched the ascent was Benjamin Franklin. He realised its potential, and when later asked what use was such a balloon he replied 'well, what use is a baby'. This engraving, by Andrew Bell (1726-1809), is part of Plate 314 from the third edition (
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel tower being constructed. 1889 illustration of workers constructing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, in February 1888. The Eiffel Tower was erected in 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, and was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Code: SP24586
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel tower being constructed. 1889 illustration of workers constructing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, in February 1888. The Eiffel Tower was erected in 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, and was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel tower being constructed. 1889 illustration of workers constructing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, in February 1888. The Eiffel Tower was erected in 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, and was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Code: SP24586
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel tower being constructed. 1889 illustration of workers constructing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, in February 1888. The Eiffel Tower was erected in 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, and was named after its designer Gustave Eiffel.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). 1889 illustration of the French engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel is best known for designing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, for the 1889 Universal Exposition. He designed several other landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business.
Code: SP23976
Artist: ********
Title: Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). 1889 illustration of the French engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel is best known for designing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, for the 1889 Universal Exposition. He designed several other landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). 1889 illustration of the French engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel is best known for designing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, for the 1889 Universal Exposition. He designed several other landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business.
Code: SP23976
Artist: ********
Title: Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). 1889 illustration of the French engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel is best known for designing the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, for the 1889 Universal Exposition. He designed several other landmarks, including the Porto viaduct in Portugal, Pest railway station in Hungary and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. His involvement with building a Panama canal was a failure leading to his withdrawal from business.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Elevators (lifts) by Leon Edoux for carrying passengers to the second and third levels of the Eiffel Tower. Engraving, Paris, 1889
Code: SP22960
Artist: ********
Title: Elevators (lifts) by Leon Edoux for carrying passengers to the second and third levels of the Eiffel Tower. Engraving, Paris, 1889
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Elevators (lifts) by Leon Edoux for carrying passengers to the second and third levels of the Eiffel Tower. Engraving, Paris, 1889
Code: SP22960
Artist: ********
Title: Elevators (lifts) by Leon Edoux for carrying passengers to the second and third levels of the Eiffel Tower. Engraving, Paris, 1889
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower's searchlights. Historical illustration of the large electric searchlights installed on the terrace at the second stage level of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, and were visible from 300 kilometres away. As well as these searchlights, the Eiffel Tower had a large electric lamp at its summit. A cannon is being fired at upper left. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21742
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's searchlights. Historical illustration of the large electric searchlights installed on the terrace at the second stage level of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, and were visible from 300 kilometres away. As well as these searchlights, the Eiffel Tower had a large electric lamp at its summit. A cannon is being fired at upper left. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower's searchlights. Historical illustration of the large electric searchlights installed on the terrace at the second stage level of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, and were visible from 300 kilometres away. As well as these searchlights, the Eiffel Tower had a large electric lamp at its summit. A cannon is being fired at upper left. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21742
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's searchlights. Historical illustration of the large electric searchlights installed on the terrace at the second stage level of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The searchlights were based on the Mangin projector of the early 1880s, and were visible from 300 kilometres away. As well as these searchlights, the Eiffel Tower had a large electric lamp at its summit. A cannon is being fired at upper left. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. Artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21740
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. Artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. Artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21740
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. Artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by Max de Nansouty, part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet (1804-1883), French physicist and instrument maker. Breguet worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. Together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph in the 1840s. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s. He was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21512
Artist: ********
Title: Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet (1804-1883), French physicist and instrument maker. Breguet worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. Together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph in the 1840s. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s. He was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet (1804-1883), French physicist and instrument maker. Breguet worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. Together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph in the 1840s. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s. He was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP21512
Artist: ********
Title: Louis-Francois-Clement Breguet (1804-1883), French physicist and instrument maker. Breguet worked on the design of watches, clocks and scientific instruments. Together with Alphonse Foy, he developed an electrical needle telegraph in the 1840s. He did further work on telegraphy in the 1870s. He was made a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1874. Breguet is one of the 72 French scientists whose names are written around the base of the Eiffel Tower. Artwork from 'Electricite' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Garabit viaduct. 19th-century illustration of the construction of the Garabit viaduct, a railroad bridge built between 1880 and 1884 to a design by Gustave Eiffel. The main arch shown here spans 165 metres over the river Truyere in southern France. The total length of the bridge is 565 metres. Artwork from 'Chemins de Fer, Automobiles' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP20445
Artist: ********
Title: Garabit viaduct. 19th-century illustration of the construction of the Garabit viaduct, a railroad bridge built between 1880 and 1884 to a design by Gustave Eiffel. The main arch shown here spans 165 metres over the river Truyere in southern France. The total length of the bridge is 565 metres. Artwork from 'Chemins de Fer, Automobiles' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Garabit viaduct. 19th-century illustration of the construction of the Garabit viaduct, a railroad bridge built between 1880 and 1884 to a design by Gustave Eiffel. The main arch shown here spans 165 metres over the river Truyere in southern France. The total length of the bridge is 565 metres. Artwork from 'Chemins de Fer, Automobiles' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Code: SP20445
Artist: ********
Title: Garabit viaduct. 19th-century illustration of the construction of the Garabit viaduct, a railroad bridge built between 1880 and 1884 to a design by Gustave Eiffel. The main arch shown here spans 165 metres over the river Truyere in southern France. The total length of the bridge is 565 metres. Artwork from 'Chemins de Fer, Automobiles' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Listening to the radio. Historical illustration of a family in London, UK, listening to a radio broadcast from the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, in 1913. Published in The Illustrated London News, England, 1935, in a special issue marking the Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V (1910-1935).
Code: SP19103
Artist: ********
Title: Listening to the radio. Historical illustration of a family in London, UK, listening to a radio broadcast from the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, in 1913. Published in The Illustrated London News, England, 1935, in a special issue marking the Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V (1910-1935).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Listening to the radio. Historical illustration of a family in London, UK, listening to a radio broadcast from the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, in 1913. Published in The Illustrated London News, England, 1935, in a special issue marking the Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V (1910-1935).
Code: SP19103
Artist: ********
Title: Listening to the radio. Historical illustration of a family in London, UK, listening to a radio broadcast from the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, in 1913. Published in The Illustrated London News, England, 1935, in a special issue marking the Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V (1910-1935).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Bridge by Gustave Eiffel. 1885 image of a bridge designed and built by the French civil engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), outside Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. Eiffel is famous for designing and building the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France.
Code: SP18860
Artist: ********
Title: Bridge by Gustave Eiffel. 1885 image of a bridge designed and built by the French civil engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), outside Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. Eiffel is famous for designing and building the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Bridge by Gustave Eiffel. 1885 image of a bridge designed and built by the French civil engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), outside Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. Eiffel is famous for designing and building the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France.
Code: SP18860
Artist: ********
Title: Bridge by Gustave Eiffel. 1885 image of a bridge designed and built by the French civil engineer and architect Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), outside Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam. Eiffel is famous for designing and building the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower lift machinery. The Eiffel Tower (300 metres high) opened at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889, in Paris, France. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world at the time, but lifts along the curved lower legs were needed to reach the first level. French Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts were used in the East and West legs, while American Otis lifts were used in the North and South legs. Shown here is a Roux-Combaluzier lift, capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. These lifts were not as efficient as the Otis lifts, and were replaced some 11 years later. Photograph attributed to Napoleon Dufeu.
Code: SP13585
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower lift machinery. The Eiffel Tower (300 metres high) opened at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889, in Paris, France. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world at the time, but lifts along the curved lower legs were needed to reach the first level. French Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts were used in the East and West legs, while American Otis lifts were used in the North and South legs. Shown here is a Roux-Combaluzier lift, capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. These lifts were not as efficient as the Otis lifts, and were replaced some 11 years later. Photograph attributed to Napoleon Dufeu.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower lift machinery. The Eiffel Tower (300 metres high) opened at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889, in Paris, France. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world at the time, but lifts along the curved lower legs were needed to reach the first level. French Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts were used in the East and West legs, while American Otis lifts were used in the North and South legs. Shown here is a Roux-Combaluzier lift, capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. These lifts were not as efficient as the Otis lifts, and were replaced some 11 years later. Photograph attributed to Napoleon Dufeu.
Code: SP13585
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower lift machinery. The Eiffel Tower (300 metres high) opened at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889, in Paris, France. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world at the time, but lifts along the curved lower legs were needed to reach the first level. French Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts were used in the East and West legs, while American Otis lifts were used in the North and South legs. Shown here is a Roux-Combaluzier lift, capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. These lifts were not as efficient as the Otis lifts, and were replaced some 11 years later. Photograph attributed to Napoleon Dufeu.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Grande Roue de Paris. 20th-century photochrom (photographic lithograph) of the Grande Roue de Paris, a large Ferris wheel built in Paris, France, for the Exposition Universelle (1900). At right is the far end of one of the exhibition halls for the exposition (a World's Fair). In the background at left is the Eiffel Tower (1889), built for the Exposition Universelle (1889). At 300 metres in height, the Eiffel Tower was at the time the tallest man-made construction in the world. The Grande Roue de Paris was 100 metres high, and the largest Ferris wheel in the world. It was demolished in 1920. This photochrom is from the Detroit Publishing Company.
Code: SP13579
Artist: ********
Title: Grande Roue de Paris. 20th-century photochrom (photographic lithograph) of the Grande Roue de Paris, a large Ferris wheel built in Paris, France, for the Exposition Universelle (1900). At right is the far end of one of the exhibition halls for the exposition (a World's Fair). In the background at left is the Eiffel Tower (1889), built for the Exposition Universelle (1889). At 300 metres in height, the Eiffel Tower was at the time the tallest man-made construction in the world. The Grande Roue de Paris was 100 metres high, and the largest Ferris wheel in the world. It was demolished in 1920. This photochrom is from the Detroit Publishing Company.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Grande Roue de Paris. 20th-century photochrom (photographic lithograph) of the Grande Roue de Paris, a large Ferris wheel built in Paris, France, for the Exposition Universelle (1900). At right is the far end of one of the exhibition halls for the exposition (a World's Fair). In the background at left is the Eiffel Tower (1889), built for the Exposition Universelle (1889). At 300 metres in height, the Eiffel Tower was at the time the tallest man-made construction in the world. The Grande Roue de Paris was 100 metres high, and the largest Ferris wheel in the world. It was demolished in 1920. This photochrom is from the Detroit Publishing Company.
Code: SP13579
Artist: ********
Title: Grande Roue de Paris. 20th-century photochrom (photographic lithograph) of the Grande Roue de Paris, a large Ferris wheel built in Paris, France, for the Exposition Universelle (1900). At right is the far end of one of the exhibition halls for the exposition (a World's Fair). In the background at left is the Eiffel Tower (1889), built for the Exposition Universelle (1889). At 300 metres in height, the Eiffel Tower was at the time the tallest man-made construction in the world. The Grande Roue de Paris was 100 metres high, and the largest Ferris wheel in the world. It was demolished in 1920. This photochrom is from the Detroit Publishing Company.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Coal production in 1900. Historical artwork of a block (left) measuring 900 metres on each side (729 million cubic metres) compared in size to the Eiffel Tower (lower right) in Paris, France. The block represents the amount of coal mined worldwide in the year 1900. The Eiffel Tower, completed in 1889, is 324 metres tall. Artwork from the third edition of 'Les Entrailles de la Terre' (1902) by French author Eugene Caustier.
Code: SP12639
Artist: ********
Title: Coal production in 1900. Historical artwork of a block (left) measuring 900 metres on each side (729 million cubic metres) compared in size to the Eiffel Tower (lower right) in Paris, France. The block represents the amount of coal mined worldwide in the year 1900. The Eiffel Tower, completed in 1889, is 324 metres tall. Artwork from the third edition of 'Les Entrailles de la Terre' (1902) by French author Eugene Caustier.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Coal production in 1900. Historical artwork of a block (left) measuring 900 metres on each side (729 million cubic metres) compared in size to the Eiffel Tower (lower right) in Paris, France. The block represents the amount of coal mined worldwide in the year 1900. The Eiffel Tower, completed in 1889, is 324 metres tall. Artwork from the third edition of 'Les Entrailles de la Terre' (1902) by French author Eugene Caustier.
Code: SP12639
Artist: ********
Title: Coal production in 1900. Historical artwork of a block (left) measuring 900 metres on each side (729 million cubic metres) compared in size to the Eiffel Tower (lower right) in Paris, France. The block represents the amount of coal mined worldwide in the year 1900. The Eiffel Tower, completed in 1889, is 324 metres tall. Artwork from the third edition of 'Les Entrailles de la Terre' (1902) by French author Eugene Caustier.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. 19th-century artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel has had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11302
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. 19th-century artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel has had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. 19th-century artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel has had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11302
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower's electric lamp. 19th-century artwork of the large electric light (100 amps, 500 horsepower, 8 million carcels) installed at the top of the Eiffel Tower after its construction for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. Referred to as the 'phare electrique' (electric lighthouse), this lamp was installed above the apartments that Eiffel has had built at the top of the tower for his personal use. Birds would sometimes be killed as they flew into the tower, attracted or confused by the light. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Illuminated fountains display. 19th-century artwork of a man operating one of the illuminated fountain displays installed for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The technique of illuminating water fountains was developed by the Swiss physicist Daniel Colladon (1802-1893). The principle involved light being trapped in the water by total internal reflection. These levers, in an observation kiosk connected to more extensive underground machinery, were used to change the colours of the fountains. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11298
Artist: ********
Title: Illuminated fountains display. 19th-century artwork of a man operating one of the illuminated fountain displays installed for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The technique of illuminating water fountains was developed by the Swiss physicist Daniel Colladon (1802-1893). The principle involved light being trapped in the water by total internal reflection. These levers, in an observation kiosk connected to more extensive underground machinery, were used to change the colours of the fountains. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Illuminated fountains display. 19th-century artwork of a man operating one of the illuminated fountain displays installed for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The technique of illuminating water fountains was developed by the Swiss physicist Daniel Colladon (1802-1893). The principle involved light being trapped in the water by total internal reflection. These levers, in an observation kiosk connected to more extensive underground machinery, were used to change the colours of the fountains. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11298
Artist: ********
Title: Illuminated fountains display. 19th-century artwork of a man operating one of the illuminated fountain displays installed for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 in Paris, France. The technique of illuminating water fountains was developed by the Swiss physicist Daniel Colladon (1802-1893). The principle involved light being trapped in the water by total internal reflection. These levers, in an observation kiosk connected to more extensive underground machinery, were used to change the colours of the fountains. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower lift and hydraulics. 19th-century artwork of one of the Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts, as used in the East and West legs of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. This depicts a scene after the opening of the Eiffel Tower at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 for which it was built as the entrance archway. The lifts in the North and South legs were built by US company Otis. The Roux-Combaluzier lifts were capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. The hydraulics are seen at bottom. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11295
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower lift and hydraulics. 19th-century artwork of one of the Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts, as used in the East and West legs of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. This depicts a scene after the opening of the Eiffel Tower at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 for which it was built as the entrance archway. The lifts in the North and South legs were built by US company Otis. The Roux-Combaluzier lifts were capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. The hydraulics are seen at bottom. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower lift and hydraulics. 19th-century artwork of one of the Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts, as used in the East and West legs of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. This depicts a scene after the opening of the Eiffel Tower at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 for which it was built as the entrance archway. The lifts in the North and South legs were built by US company Otis. The Roux-Combaluzier lifts were capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. The hydraulics are seen at bottom. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP11295
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower lift and hydraulics. 19th-century artwork of one of the Roux-Combaluzier cable-driven lifts, as used in the East and West legs of the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. This depicts a scene after the opening of the Eiffel Tower at the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 for which it was built as the entrance archway. The lifts in the North and South legs were built by US company Otis. The Roux-Combaluzier lifts were capable of transporting 100 people at a speed of 1 metre per second. The hydraulics are seen at bottom. Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower, Paris. Early photograph, dating from after the completion of the Eiffel Tower (1889), in Paris, France, with a flag at the top of the tower. A balloon is at upper right. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 (buildings in background). At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. In the foreground is the Pont d'Iena, over the River Seine. The photographic printing technique used here was halftone printing, with the resulting print known as a halftone. This technique became successful in the early 1880s. This is one of the first such prints.
Code: SP10462
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower, Paris. Early photograph, dating from after the completion of the Eiffel Tower (1889), in Paris, France, with a flag at the top of the tower. A balloon is at upper right. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 (buildings in background). At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. In the foreground is the Pont d'Iena, over the River Seine. The photographic printing technique used here was halftone printing, with the resulting print known as a halftone. This technique became successful in the early 1880s. This is one of the first such prints.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower, Paris. Early photograph, dating from after the completion of the Eiffel Tower (1889), in Paris, France, with a flag at the top of the tower. A balloon is at upper right. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 (buildings in background). At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. In the foreground is the Pont d'Iena, over the River Seine. The photographic printing technique used here was halftone printing, with the resulting print known as a halftone. This technique became successful in the early 1880s. This is one of the first such prints.
Code: SP10462
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower, Paris. Early photograph, dating from after the completion of the Eiffel Tower (1889), in Paris, France, with a flag at the top of the tower. A balloon is at upper right. This wrought iron tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for the Universal Exposition (World Fair) of 1889 (buildings in background). At the time, it was the tallest structure in the world. In the foreground is the Pont d'Iena, over the River Seine. The photographic printing technique used here was halftone printing, with the resulting print known as a halftone. This technique became successful in the early 1880s. This is one of the first such prints.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Nice observatory, France. 19th-century artwork of the observatory founded in 1881 on the summit of Mount Gros, near Nice, France, by banker Raphael Bischoffsheim. The telescope it housed (a 77-centimetre refractor) was the first to be built at altitude (372 metres above sea level), and was one of the largest in the world at the time. The main dome (centre left, the Bischoffsheim cupola) is 24 metres across (96 tons), designed by Gustave Eiffel to use water flotation. Other buildings (with work by the architect Charles Garnier) include a smaller dome (upper right), and the main buildings on the southern slopes (lower centre).
Code: SP10434
Artist: ********
Title: Nice observatory, France. 19th-century artwork of the observatory founded in 1881 on the summit of Mount Gros, near Nice, France, by banker Raphael Bischoffsheim. The telescope it housed (a 77-centimetre refractor) was the first to be built at altitude (372 metres above sea level), and was one of the largest in the world at the time. The main dome (centre left, the Bischoffsheim cupola) is 24 metres across (96 tons), designed by Gustave Eiffel to use water flotation. Other buildings (with work by the architect Charles Garnier) include a smaller dome (upper right), and the main buildings on the southern slopes (lower centre).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Nice observatory, France. 19th-century artwork of the observatory founded in 1881 on the summit of Mount Gros, near Nice, France, by banker Raphael Bischoffsheim. The telescope it housed (a 77-centimetre refractor) was the first to be built at altitude (372 metres above sea level), and was one of the largest in the world at the time. The main dome (centre left, the Bischoffsheim cupola) is 24 metres across (96 tons), designed by Gustave Eiffel to use water flotation. Other buildings (with work by the architect Charles Garnier) include a smaller dome (upper right), and the main buildings on the southern slopes (lower centre).
Code: SP10434
Artist: ********
Title: Nice observatory, France. 19th-century artwork of the observatory founded in 1881 on the summit of Mount Gros, near Nice, France, by banker Raphael Bischoffsheim. The telescope it housed (a 77-centimetre refractor) was the first to be built at altitude (372 metres above sea level), and was one of the largest in the world at the time. The main dome (centre left, the Bischoffsheim cupola) is 24 metres across (96 tons), designed by Gustave Eiffel to use water flotation. Other buildings (with work by the architect Charles Garnier) include a smaller dome (upper right), and the main buildings on the southern slopes (lower centre).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower, conceptual artwork.
Code: SP09713
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower, conceptual artwork.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower, conceptual artwork.
Code: SP09713
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower, conceptual artwork.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower. View of the Eiffel Tower and the Champ de Mars at the time of the Universal Exposition of 1889, as seen from the hill of the Trocadero on the other side of the River Seine. The Eiffel Tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for this Universal Exposition (World Fair) that marked the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The exhibition halls (behind the tower) contained over 60, 000 exhibits, seen by over 32 million visitors. On the horizon are other Parisian landmarks, including the dome of Les Invalides. Artwork from the third volume (first period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP05713
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower. View of the Eiffel Tower and the Champ de Mars at the time of the Universal Exposition of 1889, as seen from the hill of the Trocadero on the other side of the River Seine. The Eiffel Tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for this Universal Exposition (World Fair) that marked the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The exhibition halls (behind the tower) contained over 60, 000 exhibits, seen by over 32 million visitors. On the horizon are other Parisian landmarks, including the dome of Les Invalides. Artwork from the third volume (first period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower. View of the Eiffel Tower and the Champ de Mars at the time of the Universal Exposition of 1889, as seen from the hill of the Trocadero on the other side of the River Seine. The Eiffel Tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for this Universal Exposition (World Fair) that marked the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The exhibition halls (behind the tower) contained over 60, 000 exhibits, seen by over 32 million visitors. On the horizon are other Parisian landmarks, including the dome of Les Invalides. Artwork from the third volume (first period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Code: SP05713
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower. View of the Eiffel Tower and the Champ de Mars at the time of the Universal Exposition of 1889, as seen from the hill of the Trocadero on the other side of the River Seine. The Eiffel Tower, 324 metres tall, was built as the entrance arch for this Universal Exposition (World Fair) that marked the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The exhibition halls (behind the tower) contained over 60, 000 exhibits, seen by over 32 million visitors. On the horizon are other Parisian landmarks, including the dome of Les Invalides. Artwork from the third volume (first period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Blackpool. Historical image of people on the beach at Blackpool, England, UK, with the famous Blackpool Tower in the background. The Blackpool Tower, which measures 158 metres high, was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris and was opened to the public on 14th may 1894. Published circa 1890-1900.
Code: SP05330
Artist: ********
Title: Blackpool. Historical image of people on the beach at Blackpool, England, UK, with the famous Blackpool Tower in the background. The Blackpool Tower, which measures 158 metres high, was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris and was opened to the public on 14th may 1894. Published circa 1890-1900.
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Blackpool. Historical image of people on the beach at Blackpool, England, UK, with the famous Blackpool Tower in the background. The Blackpool Tower, which measures 158 metres high, was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris and was opened to the public on 14th may 1894. Published circa 1890-1900.
Code: SP05330
Artist: ********
Title: Blackpool. Historical image of people on the beach at Blackpool, England, UK, with the famous Blackpool Tower in the background. The Blackpool Tower, which measures 158 metres high, was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris and was opened to the public on 14th may 1894. Published circa 1890-1900.
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
******** Eiffel Tower radio station. The radio operator is using a headset to listen to a message. In the background are measuring devices and receivers. On the table in the background is equipment related to ship radios. The Eiffel Tower, located in Paris, France, was built between 1887 and 1889, and reaches a height of 300 metres. Proposals to use it as a radio tower were first made in 1901, and a permanent long-distance radio base was established here in 1906. Photograph published in 'La Telegraphie Sans Fil' (Wireless Telegraphy, 1914), by the French geophysicist Alphonse Berget (1860-1934).
Code: SP03731
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower radio station. The radio operator is using a headset to listen to a message. In the background are measuring devices and receivers. On the table in the background is equipment related to ship radios. The Eiffel Tower, located in Paris, France, was built between 1887 and 1889, and reaches a height of 300 metres. Proposals to use it as a radio tower were first made in 1901, and a permanent long-distance radio base was established here in 1906. Photograph published in 'La Telegraphie Sans Fil' (Wireless Telegraphy, 1914), by the French geophysicist Alphonse Berget (1860-1934).
Location: ******** - ********
Credits: Photo Scala/SPL History
Rights and restrictions

******** Eiffel Tower radio station. The radio operator is using a headset to listen to a message. In the background are measuring devices and receivers. On the table in the background is equipment related to ship radios. The Eiffel Tower, located in Paris, France, was built between 1887 and 1889, and reaches a height of 300 metres. Proposals to use it as a radio tower were first made in 1901, and a permanent long-distance radio base was established here in 1906. Photograph published in 'La Telegraphie Sans Fil' (Wireless Telegraphy, 1914), by the French geophysicist Alphonse Berget (1860-1934).
Code: SP03731
Artist: ********
Title: Eiffel Tower radio station. The radio operator is using a headset to listen to a message. In the background are measuring devices and receivers. On the table in the background is equipment related to ship radios. The Eiffel Tower, located in Paris, France, was built between 1887 and 1889, and reaches a height of 300 metres. Proposals to use it as a radio tower were first made in 1901, and a permanent long-distance radio base was established here in 1906. Photograph published in 'La Telegraphie Sans Fil' (Wireless Telegraphy, 1914), by the French geophysicist Alphonse Berget (1860-1934).
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********
Genre: Not available
Period/Style: Not available
Location: ********

Image available in Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Poland and Russia
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